Tom's Digital Camera Photography Tips

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Photo Battery Cross Reference Table    Various Local and National Photo Sources

Kodak Film Number Cross Reference Table     Fuji Film Cross Reference Table

Basic Photo Tips

Digital Camera Photo Tips

Here are some useful digital camera photography tips.

Tom Philo's Digital Photography Tips
Memory Card Care Exposure Latitude Use Filters
Digital Video    
     

Memory Cards

To protect your memory cards, as well as any pictures you have stored on them, follow these care instructions.
 
*    Don't remove the card while the camera is turned on. Doing so poses a big risk to the card and all the pictures it holds.
 
*    Don't turn the camera off while it's in the process of writing the last picture file to the memory card. An indicator light on the camera should let you know when the camera is done with this step.
 
*    Try not to touch the contact area of the card - that is, the part of the card that interfaces with the camera's recording element. Oils from you hand can eat away the contacts and cause errors.
 
*    Keep the card in the storage case, if one came with it. Or keep it in the camera.
 
*    Although memory cards aren't exceptionally fragile, they can be damaged by heat, humidity, dirt, static electricity, and a strong magnetic charge, as well as your puppy's teeth and the heel of your shoe. Don't leave your memory card anywhere you wouldn't leave your camera or other sensitive equipment.
 
*    Don't use memory cards for long-term storage of your pictures. Instead archive pictures on a more secure, non-erasable storage media, such as a CD-ROM or DVD disc, or your computer's hard drive (and then have another hard drive to back your PC hard drive onto!)
 
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Exposing Guide

Taking pictures with a digital camera is like shooting slide (reversal) film: you have + - 1/2 F stop exposure latitude.

This means if you overexpose by 1/2 stop you will get "washed out" highlights that must be fixed (sometimes not possible) by digital editing software, or 1/2 underexposed very dark images that also must be corrected using digital imaging software.

Since 2010 the newer low end and point and click digitals have become better at preventing the washing out and have maybe a 1 stop over from what is the correct exposure and still maintain a good image - a 1 stop range error margin compared to color negative and B&W films 3 stops.

I found that by permanently setting my camera to underexpose by a 1/3 stop prevents highlights from being washed out.

Anytime you must use software to correct for improper exposure you will lose quality.

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Lens Filters

Just because you are using a digital camera does not negate the use of lens filters. You will see a dramatic increase in quality of images when you do use them. A Polarizing, yellow, and a UV haze filter is still a required tool to have with digital cameras.

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Digital Video

Most digital cameras allows you to take video with them. My first digital camera, a Nikon N5700 is what I used to video the Lancaster flying in the UK other aircraft at the Reno Air Races performed this trick. My point and shoot Nikon S550 does 720 quality and my high end D90 takes video at the 1080P quality - even the phones you get through most Verizon, Sprint and T-Mobile prepaid plans now have cameras with video capability. This is a whole new area where some still camera "rules" do not apply. Other sites are more specialized and better suited to tell all about making movies so this list will cover a few basic ideas.

When possible, try and take movies using a tripod. If not, then practice, practice, practice, rotating your whole body when filming so as to avoid camera shake by locking your arms against your body and then rotate.

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