To protect your memory cards, as well as any pictures you have stored on
them, follow these care instructions.
* Don't remove the card while the camera is turned on.
Doing so poses a big risk to the card and all the
pictures it holds.
* Don't turn the camera off while it's in the process
writing the last picture file to the memory card. An
indicator light on the camera should let you know when
the camera is done with this step.
* Try not to touch the contact area of the card -
that is, the part of the card that interfaces with the
camera's recording element. Oils from you hand can eat away the contacts and cause errors.
* Keep the card in the storage case, if one came with
Or keep it in the camera.
* Although memory cards aren't exceptionally fragile,
they can be damaged by heat, humidity, dirt, static
electricity, and a strong magnetic charge, as well as
your puppy's teeth and the heel of your shoe. Don't
leave your memory card anywhere you wouldn't leave your
camera or other sensitive equipment.
* Don't use memory cards for long-term storage of your
pictures. Instead archive pictures on a more secure,
non-erasable storage media, such as a CD-ROM or DVD
disc, or your computer's hard drive (and then have another hard drive to back your PC hard drive onto!)
Taking pictures with a digital camera is like shooting slide (reversal) film:
you have + - 1/2 F stop exposure latitude.
This means if you overexpose by 1/2 stop you will get "washed out" highlights that must be fixed (sometimes not possible) by digital editing software, or
1/2 underexposed very dark images that also must be corrected using digital
Since 2010 the newer low end and point and click digitals have become better at preventing the washing out and have maybe a 1 stop over from what is the correct exposure and still maintain a good image - a 1 stop range error margin compared to color negative and B&W films 3 stops.
I found that by permanently setting my camera to underexpose by a 1/3 stop prevents highlights from being washed out.
Anytime you must use software to correct for improper exposure you will lose
Just because you are using a digital camera does not negate the use of lens
filters. You will see a dramatic increase in quality of images when you do use
them. A Polarizing, yellow, and a UV haze filter is still a required tool to have with digital cameras.
Most digital cameras allows you to take video with them. My first digital camera, a Nikon N5700 is what I used to video the Lancaster flying in the UK other aircraft at the Reno Air Races performed this trick. My point and shoot Nikon S550 does 720 quality and my high end D90 takes video at the 1080P quality - even the phones you get through most Verizon, Sprint and T-Mobile prepaid plans now have cameras with video capability. This is a whole new area where some still camera "rules" do not apply.
Other sites are more specialized and better suited to tell all about making movies so this list
will cover a few basic ideas.
Dollying: This refers to moving the camera forward
backward in a scene. Although, at first, dollying may
seem similar to zooming, the two are different in terms
of how and why you use them. You dolly by moving the
camera, whereas you zoom in and out by adjusting the
Trucking: This refers to moving the camera left or
right in relationship to a scene. When you truck your
camcorder, you change the character's background and
make an otherwise dull scene quite stimulating.
Panning: Rotating the view without moving the location
of the camera. Panning can be done in all directions.
Zooming: This is when you change the focal length of the lens and thus bring the subject closer or move the subject further away from your point of view - and indirectly you affect the depth of field at the same time.
Fades: This is when a scene comes into view from total black or vice versa. Used commonly to denote time changes between scenes.
Wipes: Vertical, diagonal, horizontal - all are cues to the audience that a transition is taking place to another part in the story in the movie - often it means it is related from the scene just ending.
Cut: An abrupt change from one scene to another. Used to denote a complete change / thought / action from the previous scene.
Craning: This refers to when you move the camera up
over a scene. As the name implies, the pros use a crane
pull off this shot, but you may have to forego craning
if you have a limited budget.
Tilting: These moves are performed with
camcorder resting on the head of a tripod. Tilting is moving it
vertically on the tripod's head.
When possible, try and take movies using a tripod. If not, then practice, practice, practice, rotating your whole body when filming so as to avoid camera shake by locking your arms against your body and then rotate.